What You Need To Know
What’s an STD? Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are spread through sex or sexual activity by a person infected with an STD. These diseases can pass from one individual to another through blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids. Some common STDs include:
- Hepatitis B
- Genital herpes
Even when using protection, there is always the possibility of getting an STD. Your risk is greater if you:
- Have sex with someone who has had multiple partners
- Have more than one sex partner
- Share needles when injecting intravenous drugs
Signs & Symptoms
STDs can seriously increase chances of infertility, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and cancer of the cervix. Most forms of anal & oral sex expose you to risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
Condoms are not as effective as you may think in protecting against sexually transmitted diseases. The Medical Institute for Sexual Health has found that Human Papilloma Virus, or HPV, is one example of an STD that can be contracted even when using a condom. HPV is acquired by direct intimate skin-to-skin contact. Since condoms don’t cover the surrounding genital area, HPV can be easily transmitted despite the use of a condom.
Pregnancy & STDs
You may be scared that you have an STD and are pregnant. You are not alone. STDs can impact your pregnancy and it’s vital to receive testing and treatment if needed.
Confirm whether you have an STD while pregnant, as continuing with an abortion decision could cause infertility, an ectopic pregnancy, and increased HIV risk.
Common ways STDs could affect your pregnancy are…
- Developing into an ectopic pregnancy (when the embryo implants outside of the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube)
- Causing a miscarriage
- Put you into preterm labor and delivery (before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy)
Talk to us today to learn more about STDs and how they could impact your sexual health journey and pregnancy. We are here to direct you to the best resources and support.